Reverse Dies

Dies

As straightforward as the discussion on hubs might be, dies are the opposite.  The variations in dies can be thought of as deviations from the norm, starting with the original coin image and fanning out every time there is a discernible difference from the original intended form.  And then for more fun there are deviation from the original deviant.

 

For every coin there is obviously an obverse and reverse die that come together to stamp out a coin.  So you can have either a normal die, or a "deviant" die for each.

 

It is ultimately the combination of the dies that produce VAMs.  But the further delineation comes from deviations within a die, or die pair from the intended strike.

 

Rarity of an issue is definitely defined by the frequency of the appearance of coins with these combinations, and the experience of dedicated collectors.

 

The list on the right groups recognized VAMs by reverse die, which helps understand the designation system and differences in VAMs.  You can click on the VAMs or dies to see more detail.  What can be confusing is that the descriptive names are not the full description of the coin variances.

 

There are fewer choices for the reverse dies, eighteen rather than thirty-one, but your choices are no easier, especially when there are so many VAMs that rely on die a.

 

Reverse Dies

Reverse dies are separated just as obverse dies, but are designated be a letter rather than a number.  All 1881-O dollars are hub 3 and sub variety a.

 

You might see a designation of C3a, meaning hub C, sub type 3, die a.  There are 18 different dies for the reverse of the coins, designated as a through r.

 

Although you can identify dies and VAMs going down a reverse die decision path, we find it especially difficult because of the dominance of die a.  Die a dominates so much that you find yourself always looking to the obverse die for clarification and determination.

 

Rev Die

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

a

b

b

b

c

d

d

d

d

e

e

f

g

g

h

h

i

j

k

l

l

l

l

l

l

l

l

l

m

n

n

n

n

n

o

o

o

p

p

q

r

r

s

s

Obv Die

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

3

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

15

15

14

16

17

18

20

22

22

22

22

22

23

23

26

27

28

29

29

33

34

35

36

36

39

43

50

51

1

1

1

3

1

1

13

41

1

30

1

4

31

1

5

1

1

4

2

17

21

24

35

37

38

23

42

1

1

1

1

19

1

1

25

25

7

15

1

1

1

40

52

VAMs Sorted by Reverse Die

1 - Normal Die

1A - Spike in 8

1B1 - Die Gouge in DOLLAR, Denticle Impressions

1B2 - Die Gouge in DOLLAR, clashed obverse n & st

1D - Pummeled or Flaky Eye

1F - Pitted Obverse Right Field and Eagle

1G - Die Gouges Inner Wing #1

1H - Die Gouges Inner Wing #2

1I - Clashed Obverse n and st

1J - Clashed Obverse n and st

1K - Clashed Obverse n and st

4 - Doubled 8-1

14 - Doubled First 8, Die Gouge in DO

15 - Doubled 1

16 - Doubled 1, Overpolished Reverse

17 - Dash Under 8

18 - Doubled 18, Die Gouge in DOL, Denticle Impressions

19 - Doubled 1--1 and Profile

20 - Doubled 18

49 - Doubled 1--1, Die Gouge in DOL

26 - Doubled 18

26A - Doubled 18, Clashed Obverse us

24 - Doubled Second 1

27 - Double Ear

28 - Double Profile

29 - Double 18 and Stars

31 - Doubled 18

33 - Doubled Ear Bottom

33A - Doubled Ear, Clashed Obverse n and st, Reverse M

33B - Doubled Ear, Clashed Obverse In and st, Reverse M

50 - Doubled Ear Bottom

50A - Doubled Ear, Clashed Obverse n and st, Reverse M

34 - Doubled 18

34A - Doubled 18, Pinned Wing

39 - Doubled Phrygian Cap and UNUM

40 - Doubled Ear Inside and Bottom

42 - Doubled Left 8, Die Gouge DO

43 - Doubled Left 8 and Phrygian Cap, Die Gouge DOL

47 - Doubled Left 8 and Phrygian Cap

52 - Doubled 18-1

53 - Doubled 18

66 - Doubled Right 1 Bottom

55 - Doubled Right 1 Top and Right Side

55A - Doubled Right 1 Top and Right Side, Clashed n

58 - Doubled Left 8

65 - Doubled 18-1

74 - Doubled 18

75 - Doubled 1, Tripled 8

2 - O/O Low

2A - O/O Low, Spike in 8

2B - O/O Low, Pitted NE-D

5 - O/O Right, Doubled 1

6 - O Tilted Left

6A - Spike in 8, O Tilted Left

22 - Doubled 1--1, O Tilted Left

63 - Doubled Obverse Stars, O Tilted Left

7 - O Set High

45 - Doubled Left 1, O Set High

8 - O Tilted Right

9 - Doubled 18, Dot O

46 - Doubled 18, Dot O

21 - O/O Top Right

10 - O/O Top Right, Tripled/Quadrupled 18-1

11 - Spike in 8, O/O Left

12 - O/O Lower Right

13 - Doubled 8, O/O High

3 - Doubled 18-1, O Set Left

23 - Double Profile, O Set Left

32 - Doubled 18-1, O Set Left

35 - Doubled 188, O Set Left

54 - Doubled Right 1 Bottom, O Set Left

56 - Doubled Right 1 Lower Right

57 - Doubled Ear Right Inside, O Set Left

57 - Doubled Ear Right Inside, O Set Left

64 - Doubled 18, Polished Forehead, O Set Left

25 - O/O Right

37 - Doubled Reverse Legend and Motto

37A - Doubled Reverse Legend and Motto, Clashed n and st

37B - Doubled Reverse Legend, Beveled Field STAT and AM

30 - Doubled 1--1 and Earlobe, Reverse Legend, and Motto

61 - Doubled 18, O Set Left

38 - Triple Left Wreath, Doubled Reverse Legend

36 - Doubled 8-1, O Set Left and Tilted Left

36A - Doubled 8-1, O Set Left and Tilted Left, Clashed n and us

41 - Doubled 1, Tripled Left Wreath, Double Legend

51 - Doubled 18, Tripled Left Wreath, Doubled Legend

44 - Doubled Reverse Legend and Wreaths

48 - O/O Lines

60 - Doubled OF AMERICA, O/O Left and Set Left

62 - Doubled Date, Ear Bottom, and Upper Reverse

76 - Doubled 18 Top